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En ny Facebook side: «Did the EU really deserve the Nobel Peace Prize?»

Posted by Fredsvenn den oktober 20, 2012


En ny engelskspråklig side vedrørende Nobelsfredspris har blitt laget: Did the EU really deserve the Nobel Peace Prize?

Se: Did the EU really deserve the Nobel Peace Prize?

The 2012 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to European Union (EU) «for over six decades contributed to the advancement of pe
ace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.» – You are invited to discuss it here!

The Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee presents the Nobel Peace Prize in the presence of the King of Norway on 10 December each year (the anniversary of Nobel’s death).

The Peace Prize is the only Nobel Prize not presented in Stockholm. The Nobel laureate receives a diploma, a medal and a document confirming the prize amount. As of 2009, the prize was worth 10 million SEK (about US$1.4 million). Since 1990, the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony is held at Oslo City Hall.

Unlike the scientific and literary Nobel Prizes, usually issued in retrospect often two or three decades after the awarded achievement, the Peace Prize has been awarded for more recent or immediate achievements, or with the intention of encouraging future achievements.

Some commentators have suggested that to award a peace prize on the basis of unquantifiable contemporary opinion is unjust or possibly erroneous, especially as many of the judges cannot themselves be said to be impartial observers.

In 2011 a feature story in the Norwegian newspaper Aftenposten contended that major criticisms of the award were that the Norwegian Nobel Committee ought to recruit members from professional and international backgrounds, rather than retired members of parliament; that there is too little openness about the criteria that the committee uses when they choose a recipient of the prize; and that the adherence to Nobel’s will should be more strict.

In the article, Norwegian historian Øivind Stenersen argues that Norway has been able to use the prize as an instrument for nation building and furthering Norway’s foreign policy and economic interests.

In another 2011 Aftenposten opinion article, the grandson of one of Nobel’s two brothers, Michael Nobel, also criticised what he believed to be the politicisation of the award, claiming that the Nobel Committee has not always acted in accordance with Nobel’s will.

Fredrik Stang Heffermehl (born 11 November 1938) is a Norwegian jurist, writer and translator. He formerly worked as a lawyer and civil servant from 1965 to 1982 and as the first secretary-general of the Norwegian Humanist Association, from 1980 to 1982. He later made his mark as an independent writer and activist for peace and against nuclear arms.

Fredrik Stang Heffermehl (born 11 November 1938) is a Norwegian jurist, writer and translator. He formerly worked as a lawyer and civil servant from 1965 to 1982 and as the first secretary-general of the Norwegian Humanist Association, from 1980 to 1982. He later made his mark as an independent writer and activist for peace and against nuclear arms.

His views were first explained in-depth in the 2008 book Nobels vilje (English: «Nobel’s Will»). Since 1948, the selection of members of the Nobel Committee has been delegated from the Parliament of Norway (against what Nobel prescribed) to the major political parties.

According to Heffermehl, the Norwegian political parties have used committee membership as an award to over-the-hill politicians in recognition of their service, rather than picking non-partisan people with an actual background in peace activism.

Furthermore, Heffermehl, being an opponent of the Norwegian membership in NATO, finds that the broad pro-NATO consensus among Norwegian political parties has skewed the Nobel Peace Prize in a similar direction. This, says Heffermehl, runs contrary to Alfred Nobel’s wishes to abandon military institutions.

The Nobel Committee announced on Friday that it had awarded its flagship prize to the EU for bringing more than half a century of peace to a continent ripped apart by World War II, in a decision that was met with praise and ridicule in equal measure.

The unanimous decision was made by a five-person panel chaired by Thorbjoern Jagland, the Council of Europe’s Secretary-General and a strong advocate of the EU in Norway. “The EU helped transform Europe from a continent of war to a continent of peace,” Jagland said.

The leader of Norway’s main anti-EU organization, Heming Olaussen, described the prize as “absurd” in an interview with NRK.

RT’s Max Keiser expressed outrage, describing the Nobel Peace Prize as being given to “a technocratic monstrosity.”

“This is like giving the prize to Frankenstein for being the best monster created during the past 12 months,” Keiser said. “Who are they going to give it to next? They are going to give it to a genetically modified seed in India where farmers are killing themselves by the thousands because of companies like Monsanto. Give it to Monsanto next year, Nobel Committee!”

Several Russian officials and human rights activists also expressed confusion over the decision.

«I suppose could have been even sillier: they could have awarded EU the Nobel for economics,» Benedict Brogan, editor of The Daily Telegraph, tweeted.

Tariq Ali, political commentator and editor at the New Left Review in Europe, told Democracy Now’s Amy Goodman that his initial response was to burst to «burst out laughing.» «The Nobel Committee never fails to amuse and dissapoint,» he said.

Petros Constantinou, a municipal councilor in Greece who runs a prominent anti-racism group in Athens, in an interview with The Guardian’s Helena Smith called the decision “ridiculous and provocative.”

“To give the prize to an institution of war and racism is ridiculous,» he said. “It provokes democratic and anti-racist sentiment. With its partner NATO, the EU has invaded countries in the Middle East, not to mention Afghanistan. Its actions have created huge streams of refugees which then flood into countries like Greece and when they get here they not only encounter racism but hostile EU [border] agencies like Frontex.”

European Union President Herman Van Rompuy said Thursday he wants the leaders of all 27 EU member states to travel to Oslo to collect the Nobel Peace Prize.

«To mark this joyful occasion, I hope all EU heads of state or government will be able to join celebrations in Oslo in December,» Van Rompuy said at the start of an EU summit.

Van Rompuy posted the message on Twitter moments after German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande entered the secure summit hall in Brussels, with a brief live video feed showing Merkel shaking her head as Hollande leant over to speak as they walked in side by side.

European Parliament President Martin Schulz said on Wednesday that he, European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and Van Rompuy would jointly pick up the award.

The Nor­we­gian Peace Coun­cil, however, took grave issue with the decision and went so far as to call on the head of the Nobel Com­mittee, Thor­bjørn Jag­land, to resign for supporting and defending the award:

«The Nor­we­gian Peace Coun­cil regards the bes­tow­ment of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2012 to the EU as a furt­her con­fir­ma­tion of how the com­po­sition of the Nor­we­gian Nobel Com­mittee is overly poli­ti­cal.

We demand that the Nor­we­gian Par­lia­ment con­si­ders the appoint­ment of a new com­mittee that inclu­des com­pe­tent peace acti­vists and peace rese­ar­chers with a much grea­ter focus on inter­na­tio­nal peace issues.»

The award will be presented on Dec. 10. The Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony is held at Oslo City Hall. You’re welcome to come and share your voice!

The 2012 Nobel Peace Prize: Announcement

Announcement of the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel Foundation

Nobel Peace Prize

The Will of Alfred Nobel

Fredrik Heffermehl

Nobel Will

Respect for purpose of the Alfred Nobel peace prize

The girl who silenced the world for 5 minutes

Rachel Corrie 5th Grade Speech I’m here because I care

Nobel Peace Prize

Nobel Museum

Nobel Peace Center

Nobel Peace Prize Concert

Nobel Women’s Initiative

World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates

Right Livelihood Award: The ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’


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