En film man burde se: Munich av S. Spielberg
Posted by Fredsvenn den mai 21, 2013
In the final scene, Avner openly questions the basis and effectiveness of the operation, and Ephraim admits that there was no evidence linking any of the targets to the Munich massacre. In a show of respect, Avner asks Ephraim to break bread with him, but because he has refused to return to Israel, Ephraim rejects him and leaves. Avner leaves as well.
Munich is a 2005 historical film about the Israeli government’s secret retaliation against the Black September group after the Munich massacre during the 1972 Summer Olympics. The film was produced and directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth.
The film shows how a squad of assassins, led by former Mossad agent Avner (Eric Bana), track down and kill a list of Black September members thought to be responsible for the murders of eleven Israeli athletes. The second part of the film, which depicts the Israeli government’s response, has been debated a great deal by film critics and newspaper columnists. Spielberg refers to the film’s second part as «historical fiction», saying it is inspired by the actual Israeli operations, known as Operation Wrath of God.
The film is based on the book Vengeance: The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist Team by Canadian journalist George Jonas, which in turn was based on the story of Yuval Aviv, who claims to have been a Mossad agent. In the book, Aviv’s story is told through a protagonist called «Avner».
During the last scene, the camera pans across the New York City skyline and stops with the Twin Towers in the center of the scene. A postscript notes that 9 of the 11 men targeted by Mossad were eventually assassinated, including Salameh in 1979.
Operation Wrath of God also Operation Bayonet, was a covert operation directed by Israel and the Mossad targeting individuals allegedly involved in the 1972 Munich massacre in which 11 members of the Israeli Olympic team were murdered.
The targets were members of the Palestinian armed militant group Black September and Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) operatives. Authorized by Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir in the autumn of 1972, the operation is believed to have continued for over 20 years.
The operation was depicted in the television film Sword of Gideon (1986), and Steven Spielberg’s Munich (2005).